Racism FAQ

What is racism?

The definition of racism is prejudice, discrimination or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior.

Some notable examples of racism through history can be seen between white and black people in both America and South Africa.

What is being done against racism?

There are numerous organisations and communities representing the fight against racism worldwide, with a variety of niches and focal points, I am sure there is a group that represents your cause out there somewhere.

While there are many opinions out there of what can actually be done against racism, it is important to remember that the initial change must start with the individual. You yourself must make a decision to stand up for the minority when you see examples of racism taking place. This doesn’t have to be an epic outburst where you feel like you are swooping in to save the day, a quiet word in a private room can be a lot more effective.

What is reverse racism?

Reverse racism is defined as perceived discrimination by or in favour of a minority or formerly oppressed ethnic group. It’s early used in written media dates back to The Washington Post in the 1950’s.

The concept and its applications are widely debated especially within South Africa and the United States, with many refusing to acknowledge it’s existence. Affirmative action is the main case put forward by supporters in the US although many believe that it does not go far enough in leveling the playing fields for minorities.

What does ‘the n-word’ mean?

The n-word is defined as being used instead of or in reference to the word ‘nigger’ because of its taboo culture.

Many notable personalities such as Paula Deen, Jeremy Clarkson, Gerry Adams and Bill Maher have all been condemned for using nigger in the past and not the more passive n-word.

What is ethnicity?

Ethnicity is the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.

An example of the could be groups who come from similar backgrounds in terms of age and education but wear completely different clothing due to cultural differences.

What is a hate crime?

A hate crime is a crime motivated by racial, sexual, or other prejudice, typically one involving violence.

Hate Crime law and legislation feature heavily across both the US and United Kingdom but people often question its effectiveness. Recently there has been a spike in hate crimes towards both LGBT & Muslim groups.

What is bigotry?

Bigotry is defined as intolerance towards those who hold different opinions to oneself.

What is slavery?

Slavery is defined as the condition of having to work very hard without proper remuneration or appreciation.

Slavery has been practiced worldwide for centuries with the earliest written reports dating back to 1860 BC. There are numerous different cases to study such as the atrocities in Africa, Asia and the development of the practice across Europe and into The Americas. For our generation slavery in North America is the most tangible example, which lead to the civil rights movement for the abolition of segregation and the Jim Crow Laws.

Define segregation;

Segregation is the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.

History is littered with examples of segregation. From the Jewish people during Hitler’s reign in Nazi Germany, to the Black community who suffered under apartheid in South Africa.

What are the Jim Crow Laws?

The Jim Crow Laws segregated African Americans from Whites in the Southern United States from 1877 until the 1954 case of Brown v. Board of Education ended it. But the laws were enforced in places up to and including 1964 due to constant court challenges on the issue.